More Than a Flourish: Cursive Handwriting and Your Child’s Brain

Many years ago students had to put quill to paper in order to produce essays.  Letters were made with beautiful flourishes, and children were cautioned to be careful not to drip their ink on their work. 

We’ve come a long way from those days.

Today, educators debate about whether to teach children how to write in cursive.  Many people think that cursive handwriting is unnecessary and old-fashioned.  It isn’t even required in the Core Curriculum standards.

So, what are the benefits of learning cursive?  The first - and, perhaps, most important - is that it sparks higher cognitive development.  Cursive and printed handwriting access different parts of the brain.  Cursive handwriting stimulates the connection between the brain’s two hemispheres: the right hemisphere (often thought to house more creative processes) and the left (the more “logical” side).  Cursive handwriting also activates the brain’s “reading circuit,” so that reading comprehension and concept retention are improved.  Printing, typing, and keyboarding don’t activate and stimulate the brain in these ways.

Studies have shown that more ideas are expressed when a child is writing in cursive than when printing or typing - and that cursive leads to improved skills like planning, ideation, punctuation, grammar, and even better test results.

And, amazingly, cursive actually improves children’s self-esteem.  The simple exercise of writing a letter in cursive wakes up the limbic area of the brain, which is the area that promotes self-esteem and filters information for emotional relationships.  A child who practices cursive will feel better about him/herself and will tend to behave in a more adult-like way.

Cursive is more than just handwritten flourishes — it’s a beneficial and important skill for your child’s cognitive development!  Call us at Tutored Talent to find out more and how to help your child succeed.

Some recommended reading:

Berninger, V. “Evidence-Based, Developmentally Appropriate Writing Skills K-5:  Teaching the Orthographic Loop of Working Memory to Write Letters os Developing Writers Can Spell Words and Express Ideas.”  Presented at Handwriting in the 21st Century?” An Educational Summit, Washington D.C., January 23, 2012.

Doverspike, J. “Ten Reasons People Still Need Cursive.” The Federalist.com, February 25, 2015.  http://thefederalist.com/2015/02/25/ten-reasons-people-still-need-cursive.

“In the States.” 2011.  Common Core State Standards Initiative.  http://www.corestandards.org/in-the-states

Klemm, W.R.. “Why Writing by Hand Could Make You Smarter.” Psychology Today, Mar. 14, 2013. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/mermory-medic/201303/why-writing-hand-could-make-you-smarter.

Rosenblaum, S., Weiss, P., and Parush, S. 2003. “Product and Process Evaluation of Handwriting Difficulties.” Educational Psychology Review, 15:1, pp. 41-42.

Saperstein Associates. “Handwriting in the 21st Century? Research Shows Why Handwriting Belongs in Today’s Classroom.”  A White Paper presented at An Educational Summit, Washington D.C., January 23, 2012.

Steimetz, K. “Five Reasons Kids Should Still Learn Cursive Writing.” Time Living Education, June 4, 2014. http://time.com/2820780/five-reasons-kids-should-still-learn-cursive-writing/

Sortino, D. “Brain Research and Cursive Writing.” The Press Democrat, May 22,2013. http://davidsortino.blogs.pressdemocrat.com/10221/brain-research-and-cursive-writing/

Zubrzlycki, J. “Summit to Make a Case for Teaching Handwriting. “Education Week, Jan. 23, 2012. http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2012/01/25/18handwriting_ep.h.31.html?qs=cursive

Stumped? Your Child, Visual Memory, and Navigating New Concepts

Visual memory is an important element in learning how to read, spell, understand, use numerals, and even to develop social skills.  It helps your child to remember and interpret schoolmates’ facial expressions and gestures so that your child can learn to give the correct response.  It also helps your child to remember what a shape looks like or the formula that the teacher just wrote on the board.  See, e.g., “New study reveals visual working memory may provide clues to autism’s social struggles,” Science Daily, 2/10/16.  

Basically, visual memory is the camera inside your child’s head.  And, like a camera, when it is working well, it will produce crystal clear pictures and help your child process foundational skills in school.        

We use visual memory all the time, in all sorts of situations.  For example, back in the early 1990s, my daughter and I moved to North Carolina.  This was before GPS and cell phones.  The move went without a hitch – even our remarkably fussy mutt, Pepper, managed to survive the cross-country trip without too much trouble – but when it came to buying groceries, we were…well, lost!  I asked a neighbor how to get to the local grocery store, which was called Harris Teeter (yes, that is really the name).  I expected him to give me directions with street names and highways and so on.  

That didn’t happen.

“Well,” he drawled, “y’all go yonder down this road and bear left at the tree stump that’s all slanted at the top, and then you keep going till y’all get to the house with the blue garage door, and then y’all make a sharp right.  Y’all will get there in a piece, don’ mind the traffic.  The store’s on the right.”  

“Oooookay-dokey,” I thought, a little worried that I wouldn’t be able to tell one tree stump from another.  In Los Angeles, I’d always relied on the Thomas Guide to get me around town.  I understood the pages and how to locate streets and highway entrances and exits with the map’s colored grids.          

But here, in North Carolina, the directions to the grocery store depended entirely on my neighbor’s visual memory - and, eventually, on mine.               

I thanked him, and my daughter and I set out on our first adventure in North Carolina.  We had that particular adventure a few times – okay, several – before our brains were able to spot the right tree stump without a lot of effort.  Finally, though, I taught myself to navigate my new surroundings with my own visual cues – things that would be in mind’s eye to help me get from one place to another.  (The blue garage door proved elusive – we never did find it.)  
 
Visual memory is processed differently and more sharply by the brain than certain other senses – for example, auditory.  We’ll address listening skills in another blog post soon.  However, stimulating and utilizing visual memory is of the utmost importance for students’ success.  There’s an old Chinese proverb that says it best:  “I hear and I forget; I see, and I remember.”  Visual memory helps your child navigate through new places and concepts.  Just like me and that old tree stump.

Here are some suggestions and sites for practicing with your child to improve visual memory:

Use a deck of cards and play Concentration or Go Fish.

Play the Memory game.

Put fun items found in the home on a tray, ask your child to look at the items on the tray, cover the tray, ask your child to recite what was on the tray.
  
Ask your child to draw a map of his/her bedroom from memory

Here’s an excellent short presentation about using simple objects to improve visual memory: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=316fk4m1AYQ&feature=youtu.be

And here’s a marvelous site with a variety of skill enhancement activities, including visual memory: http://www.ot-mom-learning-activities.com/visual-memory-activities.html